top of page
  • Writer's pictureMary Puppins

Brussels Griffon - Small Breed Dog Profile

Updated: Feb 21

Brussels Griffon little dog

The Brussels Griffon: A Little Dog with Enormous Charm

This article will delve into the origins, purpose, physical traits, personality, grooming requirements, exercise needs, characteristics, age range, measurements, and health concerns associated with the little dog, the Brussels Griffon.


"Brussels Griffons are typically red, beige, black and tan or black. There's lots of doggy behaviour that comes naturally to all breeds of dog, including Brussels Griffons, from digging and chasing to searching and retrieving." - Dogs Trust


What is the origin of the Brussels Griffon?

The Brussels Griffon has a fascinating history rooted in Belgium.

This breed can be traced back to the 19th century when it was developed to be a charming little dog companion for Brussels' cab drivers.

They were also skilled rat hunters, an essential trait for dogs living in the stables.

What is the Brussels Griffon bred to do?

The primary purpose of the Brussels Griffon has always been to provide little dog companionship.

These dogs were bred to be loyal and affectionate lapdogs, making them excellent for keeping cab drivers company during long work hours.

Their diminutive size and endearing looks made them a perfect fit for this role.

What are the physical characteristics of the Brussels Griffon?

The Brussels Griffon is a little dog known for its small stature, with an average height of 7 to 12 inches and a weight ranging from 6 to 12 pounds.

They sport a distinctive face with a short, flat nose and expressive, wide-set eyes.

They might have a rough or smooth coat with colours including red, black, black and tan, or belge (a mix of red and black).

What are the personality traits of the Brussels Griffon?

This little dog is brimming with personality.

Brussels Griffons are known for their affectionate and devoted nature.

They form strong bonds with their owners and thrive on human interaction.

They can be pretty lively, and their confident, spunky demeanour often masks their small size.

They're known for being alert and curious, making them excellent watchdogs.

Little Dog Grooming Requirements

Grooming a Brussels Griffon can be hard work due to their distinctive coats.

Smooth-coated Brussels Griffons require minimal grooming, with routine brushing to keep their coat in top shape.

However, the rough-coated little dog variety requires more attention, including brushing and occasional hand-stripping to maintain its unique look.

Exercise Requirements

Despite their diminutive little dog size, Brussels Griffons need daily exercise to stimulate them physically and mentally.

Short walks and interactive playtime are essential to prevent weight gain and maintain their overall health.

They also enjoy mental challenges, such as puzzle toys and obedience training.


Brussels Griffons are known for their expressive faces and charming personalities.

Their distinctive appearance and lively demeanour make them a favourite among those seeking an engaging little dog companion.

They adapt well to apartment living and are equally at home in larger spaces if they receive the necessary attention and exercise.

Age Range

The Brussels Griffon has a relatively long lifespan, typically 12 to 15 years.

Their youthful little dog exuberance often carries into their senior years, and they remain active well into old age.


The little dog may stand between 17.8 and 30.5 centimetres in height and weigh around 2.7 to 5.4 kilograms, showcasing their compact dimensions.

What are the health issues of the Brussels Griffon?

Like all little dog breeds, Brussels Griffons can be prone to specific health concerns.

These may include respiratory issues due to their flat faces, dental problems, and luxating patellas.

Regular veterinary check-ups and dental care are crucial for maintaining their health.


A vital aspect of caring for a Brussels Griffon is providing them with a well-balanced diet.

These small dogs have unique dietary requirements.

Due to their small size, they are vulnerable to obesity if not carefully monitored.

Choose high-quality dog food designed for a little dog to keep your Brussels Griffon in shape.

High-quality food will ensure they receive the appropriate nutrients without overeating.

Visit your vet to determine the best diet plan for your furry friend.

Coat Colours and Patterns

The Brussels Griffon's coat is a topic of fascination for many little dog enthusiasts.

The breed comes in various coat colours and patterns, each with its distinct charm.

The two primary coat types are smooth and rough.

Smooth-coated Brussels Griffons have a short, glossy coat that comes in red, black, and tan colours.

On the other hand, rough-coated Griffons possess a more tousled appearance and exhibit the same colour variations.

The choice between smooth and rough coats is primarily a matter of personal preference.

Brussels Griffon little dog looking at you

Pop Culture

The Brussels Griffon has made its mark on the world of pop culture.

These endearing dogs have appeared in movies, television shows, and even fashion campaigns.

Their unmistakable looks and charming personalities have earned them a place in the hearts of many.

Celebrities often choose Brussels Griffons as their four-legged little dog companions, boosting the breed's popularity.

Training and Socialisation

Training a Brussels Griffon can be an enjoyable but sometimes challenging endeavour.

Their intelligence and strong-willed nature make them quick learners, but they can also be stubborn.

This little dog breed responds best to training techniques that are persistent and based on positive reinforcement.

Early socialisation is crucial to ensure they are comfortable around other pets and people.

As social creatures, Brussels Griffons tend to form strong bonds with their owners, making training an essential part of their well-rounded development.

Different Sizes

While Brussels Griffons are generally a little dog, there can be variations within the breed.

Some may fall on the smaller end of the spectrum, often called "teacup" Brussels Griffons.

These tiny dogs are exceptionally delicate and require extra care due to their size.

On the other hand, some Brussels Griffons may be slightly larger.

Yet, they all share the breed's distinctive characteristics and personalities.

Place in Your Life

Brussels Griffons are not just pets; they become cherished family members.

Their small size, charming looks, and affectionate nature make them great companion dogs for individuals and families.

Whether you live in a cosy apartment or a spacious house, the Brussels Griffon's adaptability allows them to thrive in various living environments.

This little dog is known for their unwavering loyalty and are always eager to share their love with their human counterparts.

Little Dog Health Monitoring and Vet Care

Regular health check-ups and preventative care are crucial for the well-being of Brussels Griffons.

Their flat faces can be prone to respiratory issues, a common concern in little dog breeds with brachycephalic features.

Dental health is also vital, as small dogs are susceptible to dental problems.

Working closely with a veterinarian ensures that your Brussels Griffon enjoys a healthy and happy life.


Do Brussels Griffons like to swim?

Brussels Griffons may vary in their preference for swimming. While some may enjoy water activities, others may be less enthusiastic.

Introducing swimming to your Brussels Griffon gradually and providing positive reinforcement to encourage their interest in swimming is essential.

Are Brussels Griffons easy to train?

Although bright and eager to please, Brussels Griffons may be a little obstinate sometimes.

Consistent and positive training methods, such as rewards-based training and patience, can help train a Brussels Griffon effectively.

Early socialisation and consistent training are essential for their development.

Do Brussels Griffons bark a lot?

Brussels Griffons are known for their alert nature and tendency to vocalise, which may include barking.

Proper training and socialisation from a young age can help manage excessive barking tendencies in Brussels Griffons.

Providing mental and physical stimulation can also reduce the likelihood of boredom-induced barking.

What is a Brussels Griffon?

A tiny dog breed with a striking look that includes a beard, large eyes, and a flat face is the Brussels Griffon.

Brussels Griffons originated from Belgium and were initially bred to hunt vermin in stables. Today, they are popular companion dogs known for their affectionate and loyal nature.

Are Brussels Griffons yappy?

Brussels Griffons may exhibit yappy behaviour, especially if not adequately trained or stimulated.

However, with proper training, socialisation, and attention to their needs, Brussels Griffons can become well-behaved and less prone to excessive barking.

Brussels Griffon or Shih Tzu?

Choosing between a Brussels Griffon and a Shih Tzu depends on various factors, including personality, grooming needs, and lifestyle preferences.

Both breeds have unique characteristics and traits, so it's essential to research and meet individual dogs to determine which breed best fits your lifestyle and preferences.

How much does a Brussels Griffon puppy cost?

The cost of a Brussels Griffon puppy might differ based on elements like breeder reputation, lineage, and location.

On average, Brussels Griffon puppies may range from several hundred to a few thousand pounds. It's essential to purchase from a trustworthy breeder who puts their dogs' health and welfare first.

How to groom a Brussels Griffon?

Grooming a Brussels Griffon involves regular brushing to prevent mats and tangles in their coat and trimming around the face and ears to maintain their characteristic appearance.

Additionally, routine nail trimming, ear cleaning, and dental care are essential parts of grooming for Brussels Griffons.

What are Brussels Griffons bred for?

Brussels Griffons were initially bred as ratting dogs, tasked with hunting and eliminating vermin in stables.

Over time, they transitioned to become beloved companion dogs known for their affectionate nature and loyal companionship.

Brussels Griffons excel in dog sports and activities today thanks to their intelligence and trainability.

Final Thoughts

The Brussels Griffon is a charismatic and delightful little dog that captivates the hearts of those lucky enough to share their lives with these charming companions.

Bred for companionship, their origins in the stables of Brussels have evolved into a cherished place in the homes and hearts of dog lovers worldwide.

Their compact size, vivacious personality, and expressive appearance make them a petite pup with an enormous charm.

Whether you're a city dweller or have more extensive living quarters, the Brussels Griffon can find its niche.

It receives the love, attention, and care it so richly deserves.

Disclaimer: This article is intended for educational and informational purposes only. It is not intended as a substitute for veterinary advice. For specific veterinary dog health advice, contact a veterinary pet healthcare provider.

At Mary Puppins, we prioritise your cherished pets' well-being, offering a haven of comfort and care during their stay.

Our commitment is to ensure your small breed dogs are treated like family, receiving top-notch attention and care.

BOOK NOW via our website. We have limited places and get booked up super fast. Give your little dog the five-star VIP holiday they deserve, while you enjoy yours.

Brussels Griffon Little Dog Mary Puppins

Mary Puppins, Brussels Griffon, small breed dog

mary puppins expert small dog breeds uk

Kate Phillips, Chief Editor

BSc (Hons), MSc

Kate is the UK's very own Mary Puppins, a professional Dog Nanny and expert in small breed dogs. With over 30 years' experience and successfully helping high profile celebrity pet parents raise their furry families, Kate shares her top tips with you. Kate guides readers on small breed dogs, dog health, dog training, dog nutrition, dog food, dog walks, dog accessories, dog enrichment, rescue dogs, dog behaviour, dog grooming and the best products for dog mums and dog dads to create the ultimate luxury lifestyle for their small dogs.



Mary Puppins Small Dog Expert Blog

Mary Puppins Pet Parents' Blog



We provide free, useful information for pet parents of small dog breeds UK. 

Please be aware that our opinions may differ to yours and that's ok. We encourage healthy, positive discussion. 


We all love our small dogs! And want them to live a long and happy life. 

mary puppins dog blog (2).jpg

Join the Mary Puppins Pack

Thanks for subscribing!

It's FREE!

Your information is 100% secure

Subscribe to Mary Puppins for FREE and get access to all our latest content. Zero spam.


Join the Mary Puppins Pack

Subscribe to Mary Puppins for FREE and get access to all our latest content. Zero spam.

Thanks for submitting!

It's FREE! Your information is 100% secure

bottom of page