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Cavalier King Charles Spaniel - Small Breed Dog Profile

Updated: Apr 2

A tri coloured Cavalier King Charles Spaniel dog

Cavalier King Charles Spaniel: A Small Breed Dog with a Gorgeous Personality


Cavalier King Charles Spaniels make the most wonderful furry family members. At Mary Puppins Luxury Dog Home Boarding, we should know!

Our two resident small breed dogs are Cavaliers and we have lots of Cavaliers come to stay for their VIP holidays. They are simply the best!

A well-liked little breed dog, the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is renowned for its graceful look, loving disposition, and honourable past.

This extensive guide will examine the breed's history, physical traits, grooming demands, activity necessities, and more.

Cavaliers have left a lasting pawprint in the hearts of many, and this article will provide a deeper understanding of this charming breed.

What is the origin of the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel?


The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel, often referred to as the Cavalier or simply the King Charles has a royal lineage that dates back to the 17th century.

Named after King Charles II of England, these dogs were cherished by the English nobility and often appeared in royal portraits.

They are a descendant of toy spaniels popular among European aristocracy.

What is the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel bred to do?


Cavaliers were bred for companionship and as lap dogs, especially favoured by English royalty.

Their gentle and affectionate nature made them ideal lap warmers for the nobility. They excel in their role as loyal and devoted companions.

What are the physical characteristics of the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel?


Cavaliers are small dogs with a well-balanced and graceful appearance.

They have distinctive heads with sweet, expressive faces framed by long, floppy ears.

Their coat is silky and can come in various colour combinations, including Blenheim (chestnut and white), tricolour (black, white, and tan), ruby (rich red), and black and tan.

Their eyes are large and dark, exuding a warm and friendly expression.

What are the personality traits of Cavaliers?


Cavaliers are known for their affectionate and sociable temperament. They are loving, gentle, and always eager to please their human companions.

They get along well with children and other pets, making them excellent family dogs.

Cavaliers are also intelligent and responsive, which aids in training and bonding with their owners.

Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Breed Characteristics


Friendly, affectionate, and gentle. Great with families and children.

Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Grooming Requirements


Cavalier King Charles Spaniels need moderate dog grooming due to their long, silky coat. Regular brushing and occasional professional grooming are needed.

Cavaliers have a long, silky coat that requires regular grooming to keep it looking its best.

Bathing them frequently may be necessary to avoid matting and tangling since brushing is crucial.

Their long ears require special attention to prevent ear infections. Grooming sessions are not only for aesthetics but also for the health and well-being of the dog.

Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Exercise Requirements


Cavalier King Charles Spaniels have moderate exercise needs, including daily walks and playtime.

Despite their small size, Cavaliers have moderate exercise needs.

They enjoy leisurely walks and playtime but are moderately active. Short walks and playtime in the garden will keep them happy and healthy.

Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Lifespan and Age Range


Cavalier King Charles Spaniels typically live between 9 to 14 years, with proper care and attention.

Their longevity is a testament to the love and companionship they offer to their families.

Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Measurements


Cavalier King Charles Spaniels typically measure: Height: 12-13 inches (30-33 cm); Weight: 13-18 pounds (5.9-8.2 kg).

Health Issues of the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel


Although Cavaliers are typically in good condition, they might be susceptible to health issues like any other breed.

These include disorders of the heart, ears, and eyes. A well-rounded diet, regular veterinarian exams, and good ear care influence their health.

faqs cavalier king charles spaniel


What are the pros and cons of a Cavalier King Charles Spaniel?

Cavalier King Charles Spaniels come with a set of advantages and considerations.

The pros include their loving nature, adaptability, and suitability for families.

They are gentle, great with children, and easy to train. However, cons may consist of their grooming needs and potential health issues.

Are Cavalier King Charles Spaniels good house dogs?

Cavaliers are excellent house dogs. They adapt well to indoor living, are well-behaved, and thrive on human companionship.

Do Cavalier King Charles Spaniels bark a lot?

Cavaliers are not known for excessive barking. They may bark occasionally to alert their owners, but it's not a common trait.

What are the negatives of Cavalier King Charles Spaniels?

Negatives may include their grooming needs, the potential for separation anxiety, and the risk of specific health conditions, especially related to their heart.

What is the behaviour problem with Cavalier King Charles Spaniels?

Cavaliers may be prone to separation anxiety due to their attachment to their owners. Proper training and gradual adjustments can help manage this issue.

Is a Cavalier high maintenance?

Cavaliers have moderate grooming requirements due to their long coats. While not excessively high maintenance, regular brushing and care are essential to keep them looking their best.

Are Cavalier King Charles anxious dogs?

Cavaliers can be prone to anxiety, particularly separation anxiety. It's crucial to provide them with a loving and stable environment.

Is a Cavalier low maintenance?

Cavaliers are relatively low-maintenance in terms of exercise needs. Short walks and some playtime suffice to keep them content.

Is a Cavalier an excellent first dog?

Because of their gentle disposition, flexibility, and training ability, Cavaliers are frequently suggested as great options for new pet owners.

How long should you walk a Cavalier?

Cavaliers enjoy short walks; a daily walk of around 20 to 30 minutes should meet their exercise needs.

Can Cavaliers become aggressive?

Cavaliers are known for their friendly disposition and are not prone to aggression. Proper socialisation and training can help ensure they remain well-behaved.

Do Cavalier King Charles smell?

Cavaliers are generally clean dogs and don't have a strong odour. Regular grooming and proper hygiene maintenance can keep them smelling fresh.

Can Cavalier King Charles Spaniels be left alone?

Cavaliers may experience separation anxiety if left alone for extended periods. Gradual training and company can help them adapt to being alone.

Do Cavalier dogs shed a lot?

Cavaliers are light shedders. While they do shed some hair, it's manageable with regular grooming.

Can Cavaliers walk long distances?

Cavaliers can handle moderate distances on walks but are not built for long hikes. Short to medium walks suit their exercise needs best.

Final Thoughts


In summary, the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel uniquely blends elegance, charm, and affection.

Understanding their temperament and addressing their grooming and exercise needs ensures a fulfilling companionship for the dogs and their owners.

Disclaimer: This article is intended for educational and informational purposes only. It is not intended as a substitute for veterinary advice. For specific veterinary dog health advice, contact a veterinary pet healthcare provider

BOOK NOW via our website. We have limited places and get booked up super fast. Give your little dog the five-star VIP holiday they deserve, while you enjoy yours.

Mary Puppins cavalier king charles spaniel

Mary Puppins, Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

mary puppins cavalier king charles spaniel

Kate Phillips, Chief Editor

BSc (Hons), MSc

Kate is the UK's very own Mary Puppins, a professional Dog Nanny, an expert in small breed dogs and a pet parent to her own beloved small dogs.

With over 30 years' experience and successfully helping high profile celebrity pet parents raise their furry families,

Kate shares her top tips with you.

Kate guides readers on small dog breeds, dog health, dog training, dog nutrition, dog food, dog walks, dog accessories, dog enrichment, rescue dogs, dog behaviour, dog grooming and the best products for dog mums and dog dads to create the ultimate lifestyle for their small dogs.



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