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Chihuahua - Small Breed Dog Profile

Updated: Feb 20

 fawn Chihuahua

Here at Mary Puppins, we love having little Chihuahuas to stay for their doggy holidays! They are gorgeous and fiery small breed dogs.

Chihuahua: A Small Breed Dog with a Big Personality

The Chihuahua, often recognised as the world's tiniest dog breed, may be small in size but is big in personality.

In this article, we'll delve into the origin of the Chihuahua, explore their physical characteristics, understand their unique personality traits, and uncover their grooming and exercise requirements.

Additionally, we'll discuss the age range, measurements, and prevalent health issues concerning these adorable canines.


"Named after a state and city of Chihuahua, Mexico, this small-sized dog comes in a variety of types, colours, and coats. Despite its small size, the Chihuahuas can do well as a sports dog, as well as a watchdog. Chihuahuas are a highly sensitive and affectionate breed and do exceptionally well with their owners, especially the children." - The Dogs Journal


Origin of the Chihuahua

The Chihuahua's origins trace back to Mexico, with a rich history that dates hundreds of years.

They are believed to be descendants of the Techichi, a companion dog to the ancient Toltec civilisation.

These pint-sized dogs were discovered in the Mexican state of Chihuahua, where they got their name.

What is the Chihuahua bred to do?

Chihuahuas were bred for companionship. Despite their diminutive size, they have a fiery spirit and an innate loyalty to their owners.

Their original purpose was to provide affection and friendship to their human counterparts.

Physical Characteristics of the Chihuahua

Chihuahuas are tiny dogs with a delicate frame. They are usually 6 to 9 inches tall and weigh between 2 and 6 pounds.

They have a variety of hues and patterns on their short or long coats. Their large, expressive eyes and distinctive apple-shaped heads contribute to their endearing appearance.

Personality Traits of the Chihuahua

Chihuahuas are known for their prominent personalities. They are confident, sassy, and often fearless, traits that may sometimes manifest as unwavering protectiveness.

These tiny dogs have a solid attachment to their owners, often demanding attention and forming deep bonds.

Chihuahua Grooming Requirements

Low grooming needs with a short coat. Occasional brushing is adequate. Chihuahuas with short coats require minimal grooming, but long-haired Chihuahuas need more attention to avoid matting.

Regular brushing and occasional baths keep their coat in good condition. Maintaining dental health is crucial, as their small size makes them prone to dental issues.

Chihuahua Exercise Requirements

Chihuahuas have low to moderate exercise needs; Chihuahuas enjoy indoor play and short walks.

Chihuahuas are active little dogs that require daily exercise. Short walks and playtime are sufficient to meet their energy needs.

Mental stimulation through interactive toys and games also helps keep them engaged.

Chihuahua Characteristics

Chihuahuas are alert, confident, and known for their tiny size. Suitable for individuals or families. Chihuahuas are small, lightweight, and easily portable.

They are known for their alertness and can be pretty vocal when they sense something unusual. Despite their small size, they have a feisty and bold nature.

Chihuahua Age Range

Chihuahuas typically live between 14 to 17 years, which is relatively long for a small breed dog.

Chihuahua Measurements

Chihuahuas are typically: Height: 6-9 inches (15-23 cm); Weight: 2-6 pounds (0.9-2.7 kg).

Common Health Issues in Chihuahuas

Chihuahuas can be prone to specific health problems, including dental, patellar luxation, and hypoglycemia.

Maintaining their general health requires a well-balanced diet and routine veterinarian examinations.

Is a Chihuahua a Good Family Dog?

Chihuahuas can be good family dogs but have specific characteristics to consider. They are typically loyal and affectionate, making them loving companions for their families.

However, due to their small size, they may not be the best choice for families with young children, as they can be easily injured.

Pros and Cons of a Chihuahua

The benefits of owning a Chihuahua include their devotion, compact stature, and apartment-friendly nature. On the downside, they can be yappy and tend to be wary of strangers.

Are Chihuahuas High Maintenance?

Chihuahuas can be considered high maintenance when it comes to grooming and attention. Long-haired Chihuahuas, in particular, require regular grooming to prevent matting.

They also thrive on companionship and may need much attention.

Do Chihuahuas Need Walks?

Chihuahuas do benefit from daily walks to meet their exercise needs. Short walks and playtime are usually sufficient to keep them happy and healthy.

Can Chihuahuas Be Left Alone?

Chihuahuas can be left alone for moderate periods. Nevertheless, as they are gregarious creatures, they might experience separation anxiety if left alone for a long time.

Proper training and gradual adjustments can help them adapt to being alone.

Are Chihuahuas Good for First-Time Owners?

Chihuahuas can be suitable for first-time dog owners, especially if they are prepared for the responsibilities that come with small dog breeds. They can be loyal and affectionate pets.

Male or Female Chihuahua?

The choice between a male or female Chihuahua often depends on personal preference. Both genders can make loving pets.

Focusing on the dog's temperament and compatibility with your lifestyle is essential.

At What Age Do Chihuahuas Calm Down?

Chihuahuas typically start to mellow as they reach adulthood, around 2 to 3 years of age. While their playful nature persists, they become more manageable.

What Not to Do with a Chihuahua?

Avoid rough handling or exposure to freezing weather due to their small size. They are also sensitive to loud noises, so minimizing exposure to such environments is a good practice.

Should You Sleep with Your Chihuahua?

Many Chihuahua owners choose to sleep with their dogs. However, ensuring that you and your Chihuahua are comfortable with this arrangement is essential.

Some Chihuahuas may prefer their own sleeping space.

What Human Foods Are Bad for Chihuahuas?

Like all dogs, Chihuahuas should avoid certain human foods, including chocolate, grapes, onions, garlic, and foods high in salt and sugar.

These can be toxic to dogs and should be kept out of their reach.

In summary, the Chihuahua may be small in stature but possesses a giant heart and a personality that shines.

Their loyalty, affection, and unique characteristics make them remarkable companions for those who appreciate their sassy and spirited nature.

Disclaimer: This article is intended for educational and informational purposes only. It is not intended as a substitute for veterinary advice. For specific veterinary dog health advice, contact a veterinary pet healthcare provider.

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Mary Puppins, Chihuahua

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Kate Phillips, Chief Editor

BSc (Hons), MSc

Kate is the UK's very own Mary Puppins, a professional Dog Nanny and expert in small breed dogs. With over 30 years' experience and successfully helping high profile celebrity pet parents raise their furry families, Kate shares her top tips with you. Kate guides readers on small breed dogs, dog health, dog training, dog nutrition, dog food, dog walks, dog accessories, dog enrichment, rescue dogs, dog behaviour, dog grooming and the best products for dog mums and dog dads to create the ultimate luxury lifestyle for their small dogs.


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