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Papillon - Small Breed Dog Profile

Updated: Apr 14

papillon small breed profile

Papillon Small Breed Dog Profile


While we see less Papillons than other small dog breeds at Mary Puppins, we are great fans of the cute breed. Let's help you find out more about Papillons!

papillon small breed profile

What is the origin of the Papillon?


The Papillon breed, originating in Europe, has a history that dates back to the 16th century.

These dogs were cherished by European nobility and were favoured by figures like Marie Antoinette of France and Madame de Pompadour.

Their name, "Papillon," which means butterfly in French, is derived from their distinctive butterfly-like ears.

papillon small breed profile

What is the Papillon bred to do?


Papillon dogs were bred to be companions to European nobility, and their elegance, intelligence, and charm made them the perfect choice for European aristocracy.

They excelled in their role as watchdogs for their aristocratic owners.

papillon small breed profile

What are the physical characteristics of the Papillon?


Papillon dogs are easily recognisable due to their distinctive butterfly-like ears.

They are small dogs with a fine-boned and elegant body. Their coat is long and silky, and they come in various colours, including white with patches of other colours.

The butterfly-like ears and their alert and expressive eyes add to their captivating appearance.

What are the personality traits of the Papillon?


Papillon dogs have a vibrant and alert temperament, which aligns with their role as watchdogs for European nobility.

They are known for their loyalty, intelligence, and agility, making them suitable for various dog sports and activities.

Despite their small size, they have a confident and independent nature.

papillon small breed profile

Papillon Grooming Requirements


Regular grooming needs with a silky coat. Regular brushing is required. Papillon dogs have long, silky coats that require regular grooming.

Brushing is essential to prevent matting and tangles.

Occasional baths are necessary to keep their coat clean and maintain its soft texture. Grooming sessions are not only for aesthetics but also for their comfort and well-being.

papillon small breed profile

Papillon Exercise Requirements


Papillons have moderate exercise needs; Papillons enjoy play and good walks. Despite their small size, Papillon dogs are active and enjoy daily exercise.

They excel in various dog sports, including agility, obedience, and tracking. Regular exercise is vital to keep them mentally and physically stimulated.

papillon small breed profile

Papillon Characteristics


Papillons are alert, friendly, and known for their butterfly-like ears. Suitable for individuals or families.

papillon small breed profile

Papillon Lifespan and Age Range


The typical lifetime of Papillon dogs is 12 to 16 years, provided they receive the proper care and attention.

Their longevity is a testament to the care and companionship they offer to their owners.

Papillon Measurements


Papillons typically measure: Height: 8-11 inches (20-28 cm); Weight: 5-10 pounds (2.3-4.5 kg).

papillon small breed profile

Health Issues of the Papillon


Although papillons are typically healthy canines, like all breeds, they might be susceptible to certain conditions, such as increasing retinal atrophy, patellar luxation, and dental problems.

A well-rounded diet, frequent veterinarian exams, and good oral health influence their health.

FAQs papillon dog

Is a Papillon a good family dog?

Papillons are known for their friendly and sociable nature, making them excellent family dogs. They are great with children and get along well with other pets.

Do Papillons bark a lot?

Papillons can be alert and may bark to signal something unusual, but they are not typically excessive barkers.

Do Papillon dogs like to cuddle?

Papillons are affectionate and enjoy cuddling with their owners. They often form strong bonds with their families.

What are the pros and cons of a Papillon dog?

Pros of owning a Papillon include their small size, friendly personality, and adaptability to different living situations. However, cons may involve their grooming needs and potential stubbornness in training.

Do Papillons get aggressive?

Papillons are not known for aggression. They are generally friendly and well-behaved dogs.

Can a Papillon be left alone?

Papillons can be left alone for reasonable periods but may experience separation anxiety if left for extended hours. Proper training and gradual adjustments can help them adapt.

How long should you walk a Papillon?

Papillons are small, active dogs that benefit from daily exercise. Usually, an hour or so of regular walking will keep them content and in good health.

Do Papillons get attached to one person?

Papillons often form strong attachments to their owners but are usually sociable with multiple family members.

What are the weaknesses of a Papillon dog?

Weaknesses may include their susceptibility to specific health issues, such as patellar luxation and dental problems, and their grooming requirements.

Is a Papillon good for seniors?

Papillons can make great companions for seniors due to their small size, friendly disposition, and adaptability to different living situations.

Why are Papillons so expensive?

Papillons can be relatively expensive due to their small litter sizes and the costs associated with their care and breeding.

Can you train a Papillon not to bark?

Yes, Papillons are trainable, and you can use positive reinforcement methods to teach them not to bark excessively. Regarding this breed, proper socialisation and training are required.

papillon small breed profile

Final Thoughts


In summary, Papillon dogs offer a blend of elegance, charm, and loyalty that has endeared them to many.

Understanding their temperament and addressing their grooming needs ensures a fulfilling companionship for the dogs and their owners.

Disclaimer: This article is intended for educational and informational purposes only. It is not intended as a substitute for veterinary advice. For specific veterinary dog health advice, contact a veterinary pet healthcare provider.

At Mary Puppins, we prioritise your cherished pets' well-being, offering a haven of comfort and care during their stay.

Our commitment is to ensure your dogs are treated like family, receiving top-notch attention and care.

BOOK NOW via our website. We have limited places and get booked up super fast. Give your little dog the five-star VIP holiday they deserve, while you enjoy yours.

Mary Puppins papillon

Mary Puppins, Papillon

mary puppins papillon

Kate Phillips, Chief Editor

BSc (Hons), MSc

Kate is the UK's very own Mary Puppins, a professional Dog Nanny, an expert in small breed dogs and a pet parent to her own beloved small dogs.

With over 30 years' experience and successfully helping high profile celebrity pet parents raise their furry families,

Kate shares her top tips with you.

Kate guides readers on small dog breeds, dog health, dog training, dog nutrition, dog food, dog walks, dog accessories, dog enrichment, rescue dogs, dog behaviour, dog grooming and the best products for dog mums and dog dads to create the ultimate lifestyle for their small dogs.



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