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Pekingese - Small Breed Dog Profile

Updated: Apr 2


Pekingese: A Small Breed Dog with a Royal History


The Pekingese, known for its regal appearance and charming personality, has a long and illustrious history.

Originating in ancient China, these dogs were bred to be companions to Chinese royalty, and their distinctive appearance and character reflect this esteemed heritage.

This comprehensive guide will explore the Pekingese's origins, physical characteristics, grooming needs, exercise requirements, and more.

This small dog has captured the hearts of many with its unique charm.


"Pekingese dogs, or 'Pekes', are affectionate and charming companion dogs who thrive off spending time with their owner. They might be small, but they definitely don't lack in confidence or character!" - PDSA


Origin of the Pekingese


The Pekingese breed is steeped in history, dating back over a thousand years. These dogs were bred exclusively for Chinese royalty and were revered as sacred companions.

Their name, "Pekingese," derives from Beijing, the capital of China, and reflects their close connection to the Chinese imperial court.

The breed's appearance and characteristics were carefully cultivated to align with the aesthetics of ancient Chinese art.

Pekingese Purpose and Temperament


Pekingese dogs were not working dogs, nor were they hunters. They were primarily bred to be companions and lapdogs for Chinese emperors and their families.

This regal background has moulded the Pekingese temperament, resulting in a dignified, independent breed, often described as "aristocratic."

These dogs are known for their loyalty and form deep bonds with their human companions.

While they may have a dignified exterior, they are playful and enjoy engaging with their family.

Pekingese dogs often act as guardian angels, watching their homes and alerting their owners to potential intruders.

Pekingese Physical Characteristics


The Pekingese is instantly recognisable by its unique appearance.

These dogs have a compact and robust body with a straight back, a distinctive pushed-in face, and a luxuriously flowing fur mane.

Their long double coat comes in various colours, including gold, red, sable, and black.

The breed's eyes are large and expressive, displaying an endearing charm that captures the hearts of many.

Pekingese Grooming Requirements


High grooming needs due to their long, flowing coat.

Regular grooming and brushing are vital. The Pekingese's elegant coat requires regular grooming to maintain its regal look.

Brushing is essential to prevent matting and tangles; occasional baths are needed to keep their coat clean and healthy.

Their facial fur, which gives them an iconic appearance, must also be cleaned and maintained.

As with many long-haired breeds, Pekingese dogs need meticulous care to ensure their fur remains in top condition.

Regular grooming sessions keep them looking their best and contribute to their overall well-being and comfort.

Pekingese Exercise Requirements


Pekingese have low to moderate exercise needs; Pekingese prefer indoor play and short walks.

Pekingese dogs are not highly active but appreciate playtime and short walks.

While they may not require extensive exercise, they benefit from mental stimulation and social interaction.

Puzzle toys and interactive games can engage their minds and provide mental training.

Pekingese Characteristics


Pekingese are regal, dignified, and known for their lion-like mane. Suitable for individuals or families.

Despite their small size, they exude regal composure and a dignified appearance that sets them apart in any gathering.

Pekingese dogs are frequently characterised as possessing a "big dog" personality within a small dog's frame, enhancing their distinctive appeal.

Pekingese Lifespan and Age Range


With proper care and attention, Pekingese dogs can live to be 12 to 14 years old on average.

Their longevity is a testament to the care and companionship they offer to their owners.

Pekingese Measurements


Height: 6-9 inches (15-23 cm); Weight: 7-14 pounds (3.2-6.4 kg).

Health Issues


While generally a healthy breed, Pekingese dogs are prone to specific health concerns, such as brachycephalic syndrome, hip dysplasia, and eye problems.

Routine veterinary check-ups and a well-balanced diet can help maintain their health and well-being.

FAQs Pekingese dog


Is a Pekingese a Good Family Dog?

Pekingese dogs can be wonderful pets.

Their regal nature and unique appearance often captivate children, and their loyal and protective qualities make them excellent companions for all family members.

Can Pekingese Be Left Alone for 8 Hours?

Pekingese dogs may not tolerate long periods of being left alone. They are affectionate and form strong bonds with their owners, leading to separation anxiety when left unattended.

Proper training and gradual adjustments can help them adapt to being alone.

Is the Pekingese a Low-Maintenance Dog?

The Pekingese's long, luxurious coat requires regular grooming, which makes them moderately high maintenance in their physical appearance.

However, their affectionate and adaptable nature makes up for the grooming needs.

Is a Pekingese Cuddly?

Yes, Pekingese dogs are often described as cuddly and affectionate. They enjoy snuggling with their owners and providing warmth and comfort.

Do Pekingese Like to Go on Walks?

While Pekingese dogs may not be the most enthusiastic walkers, they enjoy short walks and playtime. Their smaller size means that they don't need extensive exercise.

Do All Pekingese Bark a Lot?

Pekingese dogs are known for being alert and might bark to warn their owners to potential intruders or unusual activities.

However, individual tendencies may vary; training can help manage their barking behaviour.

Are Pekingese High Maintenance?

Pekingese dogs have moderate grooming needs due to their long coat. This breed may be considered moderately high maintenance in terms of grooming requirements.

Do Pekingese Like to Be Held?

Yes, Pekingese dogs typically enjoy being held and cuddled by their owners. Their affectionate nature makes them receptive to physical affection.

Do Pekingese Get Attached to One Person?

Pekingese dogs are known for forming strong bonds with their owners. Still, they can also be affectionate and loyal to multiple family members.

They often spread their love among their human companions.

Can You Leave Pekingese Alone?

While it's possible to leave Pekingese dogs alone, they may not tolerate extended periods of solitude well due to their affectionate and loyal nature.

Proper training and gradual adjustments can help them adapt to being alone.

Why Do Pekingese Stare at You?

Pekingese dogs are known for their alertness and may stare at their owners to keep a watchful eye on their surroundings. It's a part of their protective and loyal nature.

Why Does My Pekingese Follow Me Everywhere?

This behaviour is a sign of a strong bond and attachment. Pekingese dogs often form deep connections with their human family members and like to be close to them.

How long do Pekingese live?

With the proper care and attention, some Pekingese dogs may live longer than the average 12- to 15-year lifetime.

How to groom a Pekingese?

Grooming a Pekingese involves regular brushing to prevent matting and tangling of their long coat. Additionally, they require occasional baths, nail trimming, and ear cleaning to maintain their overall hygiene.

What do Pekingese dogs like?

Pekingese dogs enjoy spending time with their owners, cuddling on the couch, and being pampered. They also appreciate regular walks and playtime to keep them mentally and physically stimulated.

How to take care of a Pekingese puppy?

Taking care of a Pekingese puppy involves providing them with healthy food, frequent trips to the vet, socialisation with other dogs and people, and consistent training to instil good behaviours.

How much is a Pekingese dog?

The cost of a Pekingese dog can differ based on elements, including location, pedigree, and breeder repute. But on average, they may range from £500 to £1500.

How to train a Pekingese?

Training a Pekingese requires patience, consistency, and positive reinforcement techniques. They appreciate and react favourably to reward-based training techniques, learning new tricks and commands.

What do Pekingese dogs eat?

Pekingese dogs can eat commercial dog food formulated for small breeds or a balanced homemade diet consisting of high-quality protein, healthy fats, and carbohydrates.

It's essential to feed them the appropriate portion sizes to maintain a healthy weight.

How much are Pekingese puppies?

The cost of Pekingese puppies can vary widely depending on elements like breeding reputation, pedigree, and bloodline. On average, they may range from £500 to £2000 or more.

How much does a Pekingese cost?

The cost of purchasing a Pekingese dog typically ranges from £500 to £1500. However, Geographical location, pedigree, and breeder repute are a few examples of the variables that might affect costs.

How often should I bathe my Pekingese?

Pekingese dogs have to take a bath every three to four weeks to maintain a healthy and clean coat. However, frequent bathing may strip their skin of natural oils, so it's essential not to bathe them too often.

How to breed Pekingese?

Breeding Pekingese should only be undertaken by experienced breeders who understand the complexities and responsibilities involved in responsible breeding practices.

It's crucial to prioritise the condition and welfare of the parent dogs as well as the puppies.

Final Thoughts


Pekingese dogs offer a unique blend of regal charm, loyalty, and affection. Understanding their temperament and addressing their grooming needs ensures a rewarding companionship for the dogs and their owners.

Disclaimer: This article is intended for educational and informational purposes only. It is not intended as a substitute for veterinary advice. For specific veterinary dog health advice, contact a veterinary pet healthcare provider.

At Mary Puppins, we prioritise your cherished pets' well-being, offering a haven of comfort and care during their stay.

Our commitment is to ensure your small breed dogs are treated like family, receiving top-notch attention and care.

BOOK NOW via our website. We have limited places and get booked up super fast. Give your little dog the five-star VIP holiday they deserve, while you enjoy yours.

Mary Puppins pekingese

Mary Puppins, Pekingese

mary puppins pekingese

Kate Phillips, Chief Editor

BSc (Hons), MSc

Kate is the UK's very own Mary Puppins, a professional Dog Nanny, an expert in small breed dogs and a pet parent to her own beloved small dogs.

With over 30 years' experience and successfully helping high profile celebrity pet parents raise their furry families,

Kate shares her top tips with you.

Kate guides readers on small dog breeds, dog health, dog training, dog nutrition, dog food, dog walks, dog accessories, dog enrichment, rescue dogs, dog behaviour, dog grooming and the best products for dog mums and dog dads to create the ultimate lifestyle for their small dogs.



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